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Brief History

The National Intelligence Coordinating Agency (NICA) was created by virtue of Executive Order (EO) 235 signed by then President Elpidio Quirino on 7 July 1949 in response to the need for a central entity that would coordinate the intelligence collection activities of the various government instrumentalities. As such, the NICA was responsible for coordination all government activities relative to national intelligence and preparing national intelligence estimates of local and foreign situations for the formulation of national policies by the President.

In 1958, under the Reorganization Plan 54-A as implemented by EO 291, the NICA was given the legal and specific powers and functions to carry out more effectively its mission of providing guidance in decision-making and national policy formulation.

            Following the declaration of martial law, the President Ferdinand Marcos signed Presidential Decree 51 on 16 November 1972, abolishing NICA and creating the National Intelligence and Security Authority (NISA). The NISA had the same mission as the old organization but the broader powers. The Director General (DG), NISA had direct supervision over the National Security Council Secretariat, functional direction and control over the Civil Intelligence and Security Agency (CISA) as well as the intelligence functions of the AFP Intelligence Community. The CISA was responsible primarily for counterintelligence and exercised functional supervision and control over civil security units of all governmental offices. The DG, NISA was also the Chairman of the National Intelligence Board, which served as his advisory body on matters pertaining to the integration and coordination of intelligence activities.

            The EDSA people power revolution in February 1986 ushered in changes in the organization. With the issuance of EO 246 on 24 July 1987, the NISA and CISA were abolished to pave the way for the creation of the present NICA.